According to statistics from the Department of Health, for five years in a row, chronic renal failure has been most costly of ten diseases, with expenditures at almost 47 billion dollars. Today there are more than 80000 dialysis patients, a record high. People often place little interest in renal disease and wait until the situation is serious before seeking medical assistance. It is time that we address this issue.

What causes chronic kidney failure? There are many reasons. Diabetes, hypertension, renal damage, acute renal sequelae, autoimmune diseases, urinary tract obstruction, chronic deposition of uric acid can all cause long-term damage to kidney function and lead to kidney failure. Chronic renal failure is divided into four stages from mild to severe, from renal dysfunction to renal insufficiency and to renal failure. At this point the kidney has only 10% to 20% of normal function. This can lead to uremia where body waste cannot be excreted in urine, leading accumulation of toxins in the body and ultimately poisoning.

Early symptoms of kidney disease in not particularly well detected. Only regular blood and urine tests can show if kidney function has deteriorated. Symptoms include proteinuria, urinary frequency at night, weakness, loss of appetite, itchy skin, decrease in urine output, convulsions and coma.

Diabetic and hypertensive patients must pay particular attention to any medications that can damage the kidneys. Lifestyle changes include going to the toilet regularly, drinking plenty of water and keeping to a no added salt diet. Regular health checkups are also encouraged.





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